Many clinical trials are available with new treatment options and drugs.

What are some types of clinical trials?

According to the National Cancer Institute, there are different types of cancer clinical trials, including:

  • Prevention trials designed to keep cancer from developing in people who have not previously had cancer.
  • Prevention trials designed to prevent a new type of cancer from developing in people who have had cancer.
  • Early detection trials to find cancer, especially in its early stages.
  • Treatment trials to test new therapies in people who have cancer.
  • Quality of life studies to improve comfort and quality of life for people who have cancer.
  • Behavioral studies to evaluate ways of modifying cancer-causing behaviors, such as tobacco use.
  • Genetic studies to address how genetic makeup affects detection, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.

Clinical research is a part of the focus of the Division of Gynecologic Oncology. As a member institution of the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG), a multi-institutional clinical research group funded by the National Cancer Institute, the division has more than forty treatment protocols available, including investigational drugs not offered outside of the GOG. There are also multiple protocols which are sponsored by pharmaceutical companies. The division has a full-time data manager who administers the running of these clinical trials. The division has contributed patients to the GOG since 1987 and to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) for the past 20 years. Over 2400 patients have been placed on GOG protocols since 1987, with 532 patients placed on protocol in 2006. Approximately 15% of patients requiring treatment for a gynecologic cancer are placed on a GOG protocol, with a smaller percentage placed on RTOG protocols. In addition, the division is one of a limited number of centers designated to test Phase I (experimental) studies for the GOG.

Washington University has members appointed to a number of GOG committees including Endometrial, Cervix, Ovary, Tumor and Applied Sciences, Radiation, Cancer Prevention and Control, Executive, Phase I, Basic Science, Data Management, and Nursing.

You can explore what clinical trials are currently available by visiting the Siteman Cancer Center web site.

For information on how to participate in a clinical trial, please talk with your physician.